Orava is situated in the northern part of Žilina’s region and covers 1 660 km2. It borders on Poland. The main population is in the valleys of the river Orava and some smaller streams around the mountains: Beskydská vrchovina, Chočské vrchy, Malá a Veľká Fatra, Oravská Magura and Oravské Beskydy, Polhorská vrchovina, Skorušina a Západné Tatry – Roháče with highest peak Baníkov – 2,178 m a.s.l.
The Orava Region was a part of Orava County until 1922 and has now been part of Považská County since 1928. The seats of districts were changed several times. The district seats have been the towns Dolný Kubín, Námestovo and Tvrdošín since 1996. Present population of the Region reaches 130 000 inhabitants living in 4 towns and 59 villages.
Dolný Kubín was the centre of the Slovak national life in 19th century. It was also a home of the poet P. O. Hviezdoslav and other Slovak patriots. The town became a centre of culture, education and travel and tourism.
Thanks to the construction of Orava Dam, Námestovo with its enviroment became very popular area for recreation.
Gothic Parish Church and the Franciscan Church with monastery belong to cultural relics situated in Trstená.
Tvrdošín was in the past and still is the important centre of Orava.
Orava together with Liptov own the largest number of cultural relics. Most of them are of sacral nature and have very high cultural and historical value. The relics of folk architecture and other archeological sights together create a specific group of historical relics. The Orava Castle in Oravský Podzámok was declared The National Cultural Monument. There are urban protected zones in Oravský Podzámok, Trstená and Tvrdošín. The open-air museum of folk architecture in Podbiel is very famous with 72 logged houses, there is a historical cemetery in Dolný Kubín, the forest historical railway Chmúrna-Tanečník in Oravská Lesná, and a museum of Orava village in Zuberec-Brestová. The Gothic wooden church from 15th century in Tvrdošín is unique and this historical relic now belonging to UNESCO.
Orava’s Museum of P.O.Hviezdoslav in Dolný Kubín plays a very important role in the culture and historical relics preservation. The museum has the exhibitions in Orava Castle, Literary museum of P.O.Hviezdoslav, Florin´s house, Čaplovič´s library nad Memorial House of Martin Kukučín in Jasenová. More famous attractions are the Orava Library and Orava Gallery in Dolný Kubín with its branch the Gallery of Mária Medvecká in Tvrdošín as well as the Slanica Island of Art at Orava Dam near Námestovo.
The travel and tourism concentrates not only in the towns but also in some very important natural resorts – Roháče, Oravice and Orava Dam. These areas attract tourists both in the winter and the summer season with their ideal conditions for recreation, rural tourism and sports such as trekking, mountainbike riding, downhill and cross-country skiing, as well as water sports like windsurfing, yachting and fishing at Orava Dam Lake. The area of Západné Tatry – Roháče is a part of Tatra National Park and Horná Orava territory is protected natural reservation. The folk festivals and other cultural and sport events with international participation contribute to the development of travel and tourism in this region. The picturesque region of Orava is very attractive for every visitor, history and architecture lovers, nature and sports lovers as well as the people who are interested in the traditional folk festivals.